.png, or Portable Network Graphics, is a modern alternative to *.gif and with that and *.jpg it makes up the three main formats that are widely supported on the internet.
PNG is a lossless file format, which means that it is able to maintain all the colors of your image perfectly. It does so at the cost of the file size being big, and therefore it is recommended to try *.jpg for images with a lot of gradients and different colors. Grayscale images will do better in PNG as well as images with a lot of text and sharp contrasts, like comics.
Like *.gif, PNG can support indexed color. Unlike *.gif, PNG doesn’t support animation. There have been two attempts at giving animation support to PNG, APNG and MNG, the former is unofficial and the latter too complicated, so neither have really taken off yet.
New in version 4.2: Since 4.2 we support saving HDR to PNG as according to the W3C PQ HDR PNG standard. To save as such files, toggle Save as HDR image (Rec. 2020 PQ), which will convert your image to the Rec 2020 PQ color space and then save it as a special HDR PNG.