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KritaFAQ/pl

This page is a translated version of the page KritaFAQ and the translation is 29% complete.

Other languages:
British English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎हिन्दी • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어 • ‎polski • ‎русский

Ta strona zawiera typowe problemy z programem Krita.

Contents

Ogólnie

Pytania ogólne

Krita uruchamia się z czarnym obrazem i nie reaguje, kiedy próbujesz rysować/na Windowsie ze zintegrowaną kartą graficzną Intela pokazuje czarny ekran

This is a bug in the Intel OpenGL driver. Update to 10.18.14 or later. On Windows 8.0 and 8.1, you might need to manually install the driver. Follow the instructions from the Intel Website. No, we don’t know either why they made installing an updated driver so hard.

Innym rozwiązaniem jest wyłączenie OpenGL'a w settings → configure Krita → display

Zauważyliśmy, że od stycznia 2016 sterowniki Intela znów są zepsute. Mamy nadzieję na załatanie błędu w wersji 3.0.

Czy mogę pracować w programie Krita w moim ojczystym języku, niekoniecznie angielskim?

Jeśli nie posługujesz się językiem, który należy do tych bardziej egzotycznych, to TAK, jest to MOŻLIWE. Możesz łatwo przełączyć języki klikając

  1. settings → switch application language. Pokaże ci się małe okno.
  2. kliknij Primary language i wybierz swój język.
  3. kliknij OK żeby zamknać okno.
  4. zrestartuj Kritę, po otwarciu będzie w wybranym języku!

Lista Dostępnych Języków w programie Krita

  • Afrikaans
  • Albanian
  • American English
  • Arabic
  • Asturian
  • Basque
  • Belarusian
  • Bosnian
  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • Breton
  • British English
  • Bulgarian
  • Catalan
  • Catalan (Valencian)
  • Chhattisgarhi
  • Chinese Simplified
  • Chinese Traditional
  • Croatian
  • Czech
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • Esperanto
  • Estonian
  • Farsi (Persian)
  • Finnish
  • French
  • Frisian
  • Galician
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hebrew
  • Hindi
  • Hungarian
  • Icelandic
  • Interligua
  • Irish Garlic
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Maithili
  • Kazakh
  • Khmer
  • Korean
  • Lithuanian
  • Latvian
  • Low Saxon
  • Malay
  • Marathi
  • Norwegian Bokmål
  • Nepali
  • Northern Sami
  • Norwegian Nynorsk
  • Occitan
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Slovak
  • Slovenian
  • Spanish
  • Tajik
  • Tamil
  • Swedish
  • Thai
  • Ukrainian
  • Uyghur
  • Walloon
  • Weish
  • Turkish
  • Vietnamese
  • Xhosa

Czy Krita posiada przycinanie warstwy lub maskę przycinającą?

Krita nie posiada maski przycinającej, ale posiada podobną funkcję o nazwie "inherit alpha" (dziedziczona przeźroczystość). Kliknij tę stronę i dowiedz się, jak jej używać w programie Krita!

OBS nie nagrywa obrazu w trybie OpenGL w Kricie

Wygląda na to, że sposobem na obejście tego jest...

  1. Wyłączenie OpenGL w settings → configure Krita → display.
  2. Albo nie używanie trybu wspomagania hardware'owego (tryb nagrywania gier) w OBS i nagrywanie całego pulpitu zamiast samego okna Krita.

Gdzie są przechowywane pliki konfiguracyjne?

Na Windowsie byłaby to ścieżka  %APPDATA%\krita lub %LOCALAPPDATA%\krita.

Na Linuksie kde/share/config/krita lub .kde4/share/config/krita (Dla wersji 3.0: .config dla kritarc i .local/share/krita dla resources)

Po zainstalowaniu wersji 3.0 moje zasoby zniknęły! Czy Krita je usunęła?

Nie martw się, ani Krita ani instalator nie są w stanie usunąć twoich pędzli (chyba, że zaznaczysz w managerze zasobów 'usuń kopię zapasową plików').

Twoje stare pędzle z wersji 2.9 powinny być w

na Linuksie:

home/.kde/share/krita

na Windowsie

User\AppData\Roaming\krita\share\apps\krita\

Dla wersji 3.0 powinno się znaleźć w

Linux: home/.local/share/krita

Windows:

user\Appdata\Roaming\krita

Skopiuj pliki i gotowe!

Resetowanie ustawień w programie Krita

Możesz zresetować ustawienia na dwa sposoby:

  • Dla wersji 2.9: Usuń/zmień nazwę pliku kritarc (nie krita.rc) w .kde/config/ w systemie Linux lub %APPDATA%\Roaming\krita\ na Windowsie.
  • Dla wersji 3.0: Usuń/zmień nazwę pliku kritarc w .config/ w systemie Linux lub %APPDATA%\Local\krita\ na Windowsie.

Jeśli plik konfiguracyjny powodował zawieszenie aplikacji nie usuwaj go, zmień mu nazwę i wyślij do nas, wtedy będziemy w stanie go przeanalizować i odkryć przyczynę zawieszania.

Krita informuje mnie, że nie może znaleźć pliku konfiguracyjnego, a następnie zamyka się. Co robić?

Po pierwsze, poszukaj u siebie na dysku pliku kritarc. Jeśli go nie znajdziesz, to jest to najbardziej prawdopodobna przyczyna problemu.

Przyczyn może być więcej:

  • Możliwe, że wystąpiły błędy podczas ściągania programu i brakuje plików (typowe dla słabych sieci wi-fi i ogólnie dla słabego łącza internetowego), w takim przypadku znajdź lepsze łącza zanim zaczniesz ściągać ponownie. Krita pobiera ok. 80-100mb potrzebnych do zainstalowania.
  • Możliwe, że coś poszło nie tak podczas instalacji. Sprawdź, czy czasem twój dysk nie jest pełny. Jeśli nie jest, ale problem dalej występuje, może to oznaczać, że coś jest nie tak z twoim sprzętem i powinieneś poszukać fachowca, który to sprawdzi.
  • Część programów do rozpakowywania nie radzi sobie dobrze ze spakowanymi przez nas paczkami. Te wbudowane w systemy Windows, OSX i większość dystrybucji linuksa powinny działać bez zarzutu, polecamy używać do rozpakowywania własnie ich.

Które Karty Graficzne są przez Kritę obsługiwane?

Krita do wspomagania malowania, a także zoomowania, obracania i przesuwania może używać OpenGL'a. Najlepsze rezultaty można osiągnąć używając kart NVidii i ostatnich wersji kart Intela. Sprawdź, czy twoja karta obsługuje co najmniej OpenGL 3.2. Karty od AMD/ATI mogą sprawiać problemy, szczególnie jeśli używają własnościowych sterowników. Jednak jeśli obsługiwane karty używają wolnych sterowników dla radeonów pod linuksem, wtedy wszystko jest ok.

Nie mogę edytować tekstu w stworzonych w PhotoShop'ie plikach PSD

Krita nie posiada jeszcze wsparcia dla elementów tekstowych w plikach psd. Tekst zostanie zamieniony na warstwę rastrową i w ten sposób wyświetlony.

Ile pamięci zajmuje mój obraz?

Dla prostych obrazów można zastosować wzór: wysokość * szerokość * kanały * rozmiar kanałów (czyli dla 16bitowego obrazu 1000x1000 rgba: 1000 x 1000 x 4 x 2). Mnożysz to przez ilość warstw + 2 (po jednym dla obrazu i dla monitora). Jeśli obraz posiada maski, filtry czy sklonowane warstwy obliczenia nie są już takie proste.

Dlaczego podczas używania gumki wyświetla mi się obraz kontrolny?

Prawdopodobnie korzystałeś wcześniej z Gimp'a lub Photoshopa. W tych programach pierwsza lub domyślna warstwa nie posiada domyślnie kanału alfa. Gumka w takim przypadku "maluje" kolorem tła.

W programie Krita wszystkie warstwy posiadają kanał alfa, dlatego też jeśli chcesz malować kolorem tła, to zrób to pędzlem, a nie gumką. Taki sam efekt uzyskasz np. w Gimpie tworząc nowy obraz, dodajac do niego kanał alfa i gumując. Sporo użytkowników Krity zaczyna pracę dodając nowa warstwę (klawisz INSert, jako przypomnienie). Nie ma to wpływu na użycie pamięci, ponieważ pusta warstwa lub warstwa wypełniona domyślnym kolorem zajmuje tyle w pamięci, ile jeden piksel.

Czy na Windowsie mogę używać Krity i sandboxie

Nie zaleca się tego. Sandboxie sprawia, że program działa niestabilnie i zawiesza się z racji monitorowania odwołań do zasobów na dysku.

Czy Krita współpracuje z 8bitowymi (indeksowanymi) obrazami?

Nie. Krita została zaprojektowana od podstaw do pracy w pełnej kolorystyce - brak w niej mechanizmów do obsługi obrazów z indeksowanymi paletami. W tym momencie nie przewidujemy wsparcia dla tego typu kolorów, jednak warto pamiętać, że Krita jest w stanie wyeksportować indeksowane obrazy do takich formatów, jak np. GIF. Nie dostarcza jednak szczegółowej kontroli wartości w zapisywanych pikselach.

Jak w programie Krita wyeksportować gify?

Aktualnie Kita 3.0 nie posiada funkcji eksportu do do gifów, apng czy map sprite'ów. Jest tak dlatego, że np. eksport do gifa wymaga czasu poświęconego ogarnięciu indeksowanych kolorów, których gify wymagają. Krita 3.1 będzie posiadać eksport gifów. Do tego czasu dobrym pomysłem jest eksport animacji do plików png, a następnie import i export do gifa w programach takich jak Gimp czy ImageMagick.

How can I produce a backtrace on Windows?

If you experience a crash on Windows, and can reproduce the crash, the bug report will be much more valuable if you can create a backtrace. A backtrace is somewhat akin to an airplane's blackbox, in that they tell what set of instructions your computer was running when it was crashing(where the crash happened), making it very useful to figure out why the crash happened. First you need to install DrMingw, which is a debugger application:

https://github.com/jrfonseca/drmingw

Then you need a special version of Krita, one with debugging information. The latest development builds with all the latest bug fixes are here:

You can download the right file, unzip it and double-click on the krita link in the unzipped folder. If you now reproduce the crash, Windows will ask you whether you want to debug it; answer yes, and DrMingw will pop up and after some time show you a lot of text. You can paste that into your bug report.

Tablets

What tablets does Krita support?

Krita isn’t much fun without a pressure sensitive tablet. If the tablet has been properly configured, Krita works with Wacom, Huion and other uc-logic based tablets, on Windows and Linux (look below for more information on Huion Linux support). Genius tablets are know to have problems.

If you're looking for information about tablets like the iPad or Android tablets, look here.

What if your tablet is not recognized by Krita?

Linux

We would like to see the full output of the following commands:

  1. lsmod
  2. xinput
  3. xinput list-props <id-of-your-tablet> (id can be fetched from the item 2)
  4. Get the log of the tablet events (if applicable):
    1. Open a console application (e.g. Konsole on KDE)
    2. Set the amount of scrollback to 'unlimited' (for Konsole: Settings → Edit Current Profile → Scrolling → Unlimited Scrollback)
    3. Start Krita by typing 'krita' and create any document :)
    4. Press Ctrl+Shift+T, you will see a message box telling the logging is started
    5. Try to reproduce your problem
    6. The console is now filled with the log. Attach it to a bug report or paste using services like paste.kde.org
  5. Attach all this data to a bugreport using public paste services like paste.kde.org

Windows

If you have any kind of problems with Windows and your tablet, we cannot help you without a tablet log.

  1. Install DebugView from the official Microsoft site
  2. Start DebugView
  3. Start Krita
  4. Press Ctrl+Shift+T, you will see a message box telling the logging is started
  5. Try to reproduce your problem
  6. Go back to DebugView and save its output to a file. Attach this file to a bug report or paste using services like paste.kde.org.

How to fix a tablet offset on multiple screen setup on Windows

If you see that your tablet pointer has an offset when working with Krita canvas, it might be highly probable, that Krita got incorrect screen resolution from the system. That problem happens mostly when an external monitor is present and when either of monitor or a tablet was connected after the system boot.

Now there is a simple solution to fix this data manually.

  1. Lay you stylus aside
  2. Start Krita without using a stylus, that is using a mouse or a keyboard
  3. Press Shift key and hold it
  4. Touch a tablet with your stylus so Krita would recognize it

You will see a special dialog asking for real screen resolution. Choose the correct value or enter it manually and press OK.

If you have a dual monitor setup and only the top half of the screen is reachable, you might have to enter the total width of both screens plus the double height of your monitor in this field.

Microsoft Surface Pro and NTrig

Make sure to do all of the updates that Microsoft wants when you start using it. Go to the Start Menu and type "Check for Updates". This will fix a lot of issues with how Krita looks when you use it.

Krita uses Wintab drivers to fix things like pressure sensitivity. Download the latest WinTab drivers from the Microsoft site. Do an internet search for "surface pro Wintab drivers". The other files that are really large are part of Windows updates, so you shouldn't have to worry about those.

Take care to download the 32 bits version of the drivers, even if you use the 64 bits version of Krita and a 64 bits version of Windows. The 64 bits drivers do not work.

In a moment of inanity, Microsoft decided not to package the MSVC 2010 runtime with the drivers. If you haven't got those runtimes on your Surface, the drivers still don't work. You can download the runtime separate:

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=5555

Note that for the 32 bits driver, you need to install the the x86 runtime.

If you still don't have pressure sensitivity after installing the 32 bits drivers, you can try to install and uninstall the Photoshop CC trial, apparently Adobe replaces some Windows system libraries with versions that unbreak the wintab drivers.

How to make my Huion tablet work with Krita on Linux?

This applies to Huion models: H610 (maybe others too? report your model here..)

First, if you use a linux kernel version 3.13 or above, remove the buggy huion driver with this command line:

rmmod hid-huion

or, depending on your distribution:

modprobe -r hid-huion

Then build and install the correct kernel driver.

(note that you’ll have to redo those steps after each kernel update, until this driver is included in mainline kernel.)

Now you should have a working tablet in Krita and Gimp (sadly, it doesn’t work with current mypaint version, probably because of GTK3..) But as by default the whole tablet area is mapped to the whole screen, depending on your screen ratio you may want to adapt the active area of the tablet to have the same proportions.

For this, first you need to install xinput-calibrator (check in your package manager it may be named a bit differently, with – or _ in the middle…)

Now, you’ll need the name or ID of your device, so list devices with this command line:

xinput_calibrator --list | grep H610

Then I noticed the huion report two different devices with the same name, just different ID. So to find out which is the one corresponding to the actual stylus tablet area, get devices values with this command line:

xinput_calibrator --device 10

(adapt id number the the values you found on previous step…)

It will open a sort of calibration window, don’t click the crosses, just press any key to abort. Then you can see the default values of the device appeared in the console. One devices has much bigger max values (0 40000 0 25000), this is the one you should get the ID number. (in my case here was ID 10 )

Then calculate the values to set the active area to the same ratio as screen.. For example, for a 1920×1080 screen, I did this operation: 40000*1080/1920=22500

And finally set the calibration values (TopX BottomX TopY BottomY) like this:

xinput set-prop 10 “Evdev Axis Calibration” 0 40000 0 22500

Toolbox

Toolbox missing

You either reset the workspace by pressing the right most button on the toolbar, the workspace switcher, and clicking a workspace from the list.

Or you try to select the toolbox from the docker dialogue. (2.9.7 and onward only)

Tool icons size is too big

Right click the toolbox to set the size.

Krita can't get maximized

This is due to the toolbox being too big, for example, when it's accidentally made 1-columns wide. Resize it to make it 2 columns wide.

Resources

Is there a way to restore a default brush that I have mistakenly overwritten with new settings to default?

Yes. First go to the resource folder, which is

  • Linux: .local/share/krita
  • Windows: %APPDATA%\Roaming\krita
  • OSX: ~/Library/Application Support/Krita

You can easily do this by going into settings → manage resources → open resource folder.

Then go into the paintoppressets folder and remove the latest created file that you made of your preset.

Then go back to the resources folder and edit the blacklist file to remove the previous paintop preset so Krita will load it. (Yes, it is a bit of a convoluted system, but at the least you don't lose your brushes)

How do I set favourite presets?

Right-click a brush in the brush docker and assign it a tag. Then when clicking the lower-right settings icon you can pick you tag.

Can Krita load Photoshop Brushes?

Yes, but there are limitations. You can load ABR files by using the Add Brush button in the predefined brush tab in the brush editor. Since Adobe hasn’t disclosed the file format specification, we depend on reverse-engineering to figure out what to load, and currently that’s limited to basic features.

Krita is slow

There is a myriad of reasons why this might be:

Slow start-up

You probably have too many resources installed. Deactivate some bundles under settings → manage resources

Slow Brushes

  • Check if you accidentally turned on the stabilizer in the tool options docker.
  • Try an other display filter like trilinear. settings → configure Krita → display
  • Try a lower color space value then 16-bit.
  • For NVidia, try a 16-bit floating point color space.
  • For AMD (Krita 2.9.10 and above), turn off the vector optimizations that are broken on AMD CPUs. settings → configure Krita → performance
  • It's a fairly memory hungry program, so 2GB of ram is the minimum, and 4 gig is the preferable minimum.

Slowdown after a while of working

Once you have the slowdown, click on the image-dimensions in the status bar. It will tell you how much Krita is using, and if it's hit the limit, whether it's started swapping. Swapping can slow down a program a lot, so either work on smaller images or turn up the maximum amount of ram in settings → configure Krita → performance

Tools

Why does the Transform Tool give a good result and then get blurry upon finalizing?

The transform tool makes a preview that you edit before computing the finalized version. As this preview is using the screen resolution rather than the image resolution, it may feel that the result is blurry compared to the preview. See https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?f=139&t=127269 for more info.

License, rights and the Krita foundation

What is Krita?

This is our vision for the development of Krita:

Krita is a KDE program for sketching and painting, offering an end–to–end solution for creating digital painting files from scratch by masters. Fields of painting that Krita explicitly supports are concept art, creation of comics and textures for rendering. Modeled on existing real-world painting materials and workflows, Krita supports creative working by getting out of the way and with a snappy response.

Note that when we say “Krita is a KDE program”, that doesn’t mean you need to run the Plasma Desktop to run Krita. It means that Krita as a project is proud to be part of the wonderful KDE community and uses the great framework technology that the KDE community develops.. You can run Krita on Windows, Gnome, XFCE, and if you spend some effort even on OSX.

There are three versions of Krita: Krita Sketch, for touch devices, Krita Desktop for desktop systems and finally Krita Gemini, available through Steam.

Who owns Krita?

The Stichting Krita Foundation owns the Krita trademark.

Is there professional support available for Krita?

Yes, the Krita Foundation offers support for Krita through the development fund, sponsoring opportunities, consultancy and dedicated development contracts.

Who and what is Kiki?

Kiki is a squirrel. She’s our mascot and has been designed by Tyson Tan. We choose a squirrel when we discovered that ‘krita’ is the Albanian word for Squirrel.

Why is Krita Free?

Krita is developed as free software within the KDE community. We believe that good tools should be available for all artists. Krita Gemini will be available on Valve’s Steam platform and will cost money, but will still be open source.

Can I use Krita commercially?

Yes. What you create with Krita is your sole property. You own your work and can license your art however you want. Krita’s GPL license applies to Krita’s source code. Krita can be used commercially by artists for any purpose, by studios to make concept art, textures, or vfx, by game artists to work on commercial games, by scientists for research, and by students in educational institutions.

If you modify Krita itself, and distribute the result, you have to share your modifications with us. Krita’s GNU GPL license guarantees you this freedom. Nobody is ever permitted to take it away.

Can I get Krita for iPad? for Android?

Krita will never be available for iOS (iPad, iPhone, iPad Pro) because Apple's Appstore's terms and conditions add restrictions that are incompatible with free software licensed under the GNU Public License. Krita has had over 600 contributors who would all have to agree to relicensing their code to something that Apple likes, and that is not going to happen.

As for Android, there are no such problems, and we would like to see a version for Android, but we currently do not have the time to work on that.

Who translates Krita and are there translations available?

Krita is a KDE application — and proud of it! That means that Krita’s translations are done by KDE localization teams. If you want to help out, join the team for your language! There is another way you can help out making Krita look good in any language, and that is join the development team and fix issues within the code that make Krita harder to translate.

The translations are easy to install on any linux distribution. On Windows they are bundled and you can set them via settings->change application language. On OSX, we are working to make them work similarly to windows, but there are a few bugs preventing the translations work correctly at the time of writing.

Why is Krita part of the Calligra Suite?

It is no longer part of Calligra. Krita started out as KImageShop inside KOffice because the KOffice libraries gave us things for free we would have to code ourselves otherwise, like filter handling, a really cool rich text tool and so on. The current stable version is Krita 3.0. which is developed in its own repository.

What are Krita’s Development Goals?

Krita is primarily a painting program, although it has image processing capabilities. This means that Krita is intended for creative people who desire to paint and draw with computer software as they do with real-world tools in an art studio.

If you are looking for a tool primarily to apply effects to existing images or photos, to catalog images, or to view images other software (such as Digikam) may be more suitable.If you want to work on collage, photo editing or print production work, Gimp might be more suitable. Ease of use and power as a painting application will always have a higher priority in Krita’s ongoing development.

Would you like bug reports?

Definitely. Please take care to include backtraces if you’ve got a crash, and if there’s an image that breaks Krita for you, try to attach the image to the report. If it’s too big, contact me (that’s ‘boud’) on irc: #krita, or directly via email. Adding new wishes to bugzilla isn’t terribly useful, I’m afraid. We have a lot on our TODO already, and to create a new feature, we need to engage in some deep interaction with you, so drop by on the forum, mailing or irc instead. You can report bugs at the KDE bug tracker. We try to reply to bug reports within a week.

If you find signing up to KDE’s bugzilla too much of a bother, or aren’t sure you found a real bug, don’t hesitate, and drop by on the forum or on IRC.

Can I join the fun?

Yes.The best thing you can do is use and enjoy Krita! Learn to use Krita and teach others. Create tutorials and sample files, create artwork to show off what Krita can do and spread the good word. And if you want to be more directly involved, well, I didn’t know any C++ when I started hacking on Krita and I managed. You can do it, too! Check the Join Krita page for more information.

And if you don’t feel like hacking C++ — well, there’s the manual that needs someone attending to it, a set of tutorials would be nice, we are everlastingly needing more artwork for interface elements, and finally, we really appreciate reports from people using it, telling me about their work flow and what hampers or helps them.

Reference

https://answers.launchpad.net/krita-ru/+faqs